Intestinal fistula occurs when an abnormal connection is formed between the part of the gut and the skin or other body, which causes stomach acid leakage. Doctors can also call gastrointestinal fistula gastric fistula or gastric fistula.
Gastrointestinal fistula is a serious medical condition that may require long-term care. This article will describe the most common causes, treatment and complications of gastric fistula.
Infection can cause intestinal fistula.
About 85-90 percent of all gastric fistula occur as a multiple of surgical procedures.
In a study of 1,148 people who underwent abdominal surgery, the researchers noted that 5.5 percent of patients developed fistula after surgery. Most fistulas appeared during the first week after surgery.
The doctor should always analyze the risk of fistula with the person before undergoing abdominal surgery. They should also consult the person after the surgery if they have any symptoms of fistula, where rapid diagnosis is likely to improve the outcome.
Other potential causes of gastrointestinal fistulas include:
History of abdominal radiation
Infections, such as dizziness
Inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn’s disease
Ulcer in the intestine
Physical damage to the abdomen
When a person has gastrointestinal fistula, digested food can not move properly through the body. Fistula also causes fluid leakage, which reduces levels throughout the body. Symptoms may include:
Increase in heart rate
A person with intestinal fistula can get sick and develop a condition known as sepsis. This is where the person’s body is attacked in response to a serious infection.
Sepsis causes a variety of symptoms, such as hypotension, high fever, high heart rate, and organ failure. In some cases, it can even be fatal.
Doctors categorize fistula into four major categories, which can cause different symptoms:
Complicated: This type of fistula has multiple channels affecting more than one member.
External: An external fistula is the part that connects the digestive system to the skin.
Outside the bone: This fistula connects part of the intestine to another body, such as the bladder.
Intestinal: This fistula involves the connection of one area of the intestine to another.
The person with an external gastrointestinal fistula will have an open skin area. This means that the acid and other contents of the stomach will seep into the skin by opening the wound. This can be very harmful to the skin.